An application of radiology that enables minimally invasive surgery to be performed with the aid of simultaneous radiological imaging of the field of operation within the body.
An imaging test that measures bone density (the amount of bone mineral contained in a certain volume of bone) by passing x-rays with two different energy levels through the bone. It is used to diagnose osteoporosis (decrease in bone mass and density). Also called bone mineral density scan (BMD), dual energy x-ray absorptiometric scan, dual x-ray absorptiometry, and […]
A chest x-ray is a procedure used to evaluate organs and structures within the chest for symptoms of disease. Chest x-rays include views of the lungs, heart, small portions of the gastrointestinal tract, thyroid gland and the bones of the chest area. Chest x-rays may be performed in a physician’s office, an outpatient radiology facility or hospital radiology […]
Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays (usually around 30 kVp) to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic and a screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or micro calcifications.
PET/CT is a new imaging tool that combines two scan techniques in one examination– a PET scan and a CT scan. PET/CT is mainly used for diagnosis, staging or restaging malignant disease, metastases and evaluation of treatment response. It may also be used to differentiate dementia verses Alzheimer’s disease. The two procedures together provide information regarding location, nature […]
Orthovoltage radiotherapy is a treatment with x-rays. Orthovoltage refers to the energy range of the x-rays used typically 200-500kV range. The x-rays are strong enough to kill cancer cells but do not penetrate more than a few millimetres beyond the surface of the skin. Orthovoltage is an excellent alternative to surgery for skin cancer where surgery might be difficult […]